Thursday, August 29, 2013

As you can tell from my post volume, I’ve had a few weeks of enforced downtime during which time a lot of thoughts have been percolating in my mind just waiting to escape :)

There’s an ongoing discussion inside Magenic as to whether there is any meaningful difference between consumer apps and business apps.

This is kind of a big deal, because we generally build business apps for enterprises, that’s our bread and butter as a custom app dev consulting company. Many of us (myself included) look at most of the apps on phones and tablets as being “toy apps”, at least compared to the high levels of complexity around data entry, business rules, and data management/manipulation that you find in enterprise business applications.

For example, I have yet to see an order entry screen with a few hundred data entry fields implemented on an iPhone or even iPad. Not to say that such a thing might not exist, but if such a thing does exist it is a rarity. But in the world of business app dev such screens exist in nearly every application, and typically the user has 1-2 other monitors displaying information relevant to the data entry screen.

Don’t get me wrong, I’m not saying mobile devices don’t have a role in enterprise app dev, because I think they do. Their role probably isn’t to replace the multiple 30” monitors with keyboard/mouse being used by the employees doing the work. But they surely can support a lot of peripheral tasks such as manager approvals, executive reviews, business intelligence alerts, etc. In fact they can almost certainly fill those roles better than a bigger computer that exists only in a fixed location.

But still, the technologies and tools used to build a consumer app and a business app for a mobile device are the same. So you can surely imagine (with a little suspension of disbelief) how a complex manufacturing scheduling app could be adapted to run on an iPad. The user might have to go through 20 screens to get to all the fields, but there’s no technical reason this couldn’t be done.

So then is there any meaningful difference between consumer and business apps?

I think yes. And I think the difference is economics, not technology.

(maybe I’ve spent too many years working in IT building business apps and being told I’m a cost center – but bear with me)

If I’m writing a consumer app, that app is directly or indirectly making me money. It generates revenue, and of course creating it has a cost. For every type of device (iOS, Android, Win8, etc.) there’s a cost to build software, and potential revenue based on reaching the users of those devices. There’s also direct incentive to make each device experience “feel native” because you are trying to delight the users of each device, thus increasing your revenue. As a result consumer apps tend to be native (or they suck, like the Delta app), but the creators of the apps accept the cost of development because that’s the means through which they achieve increased revenue.

If I’m writing a business app (like something to manage my inventory or schedule my manufacturing workload) the cost to build software for each type of device continues to exist, but there’s zero increased revenue (well, zero revenue period). There’s no interest in delighting users, we just need them to be productive, and if they can’t be productive that just increases cost. So it is all cost, cost, cost. As a result, if I can figure out a way to use a common codebase, even if the result doesn’t “feel native” on any platform, I still win because my employees can be productive and I’ve radically reduced my costs vs writing and maintaining the app multiple times.

Technically I’ll use the same tools and technologies and skills regardless of consumer or business. But economically there’s a massive difference between delighting end users to increase revenue (direct or indirect), and minimizing software development/maintenance costs as much as possible while ensuring employees are productive.

From a tactical perspective, as a business developer it is virtually impossible to envision writing native apps unless you can mandate the use of only one type of device. Presumably that’s no longer possible in the new world of BYOD, so you’ve got to look at which technologies and tools allow you to build a common code base. The list is fairly short:

  • JavaScript (straight up or via various wrapper tools like PhoneGap)
  • Microsoft .NET + Xamarin

(yes, I know C++ might also make the list, but JavaScript sets our industry back at least 10 years, and C++ would set us back more than 20 years, so really????)

I’m assuming we’ll be writing lots of server-side code, and some reasonably interactive client code to support iPad, Android tablets, and Windows 8 tablets/ultrabooks/laptops/desktops. You might also bring in phones for even more narrow user scenarios, so iPhone, Android phones, and Windows Phone too.

Microsoft .NET gets you the entire spectrum of Windows from phone to tablet to ultrabook/laptop/desktop, as well as the server. So that’s pretty nice, but leaves out iPad/iPhone and Android. Except that you can use the Xamarin tools to build iOS and Android apps with .NET as well! So in reality you can build reusable C# code that spans all the relevant platforms and devices.

As an aside, CSLA .NET can help you build reusable code across .NET and Xamarin on Android. Sadly some of Apple’s legal limitations for iOS block some key C# features used by CSLA so it doesn’t work on the iPad or iPhone :(

The other option is JavaScript or related wrapper/abstraction technologies like PhoneGap, TypeScript, etc. In this case you’ll need some host application on your device to run the JavaScript code, probably a browser (though Win8 can host directly). And you’ll want to standardize on a host that is as common as possible across all devices, which probably means Chrome on the clients, and node.js on the servers. Your client-side code still might need some tweaking to deal with runtime variations across device types, but as long as you can stick with a single JavaScript host like Chrome you are probably in reasonably good shape.

Remember, we’re talking business apps here – businesses have standardized on Windows for 20 years, so the idea that a business might mandate the use of Chrome across all devices isn’t remotely far-fetched imo.

Sadly, as much as I truly love .NET and view it as the best software development platform mankind has yet invented, I strongly suspect that we’ll all end up programming in JavaScript – or some decent abstraction of it like TypeScript. As a result, I’m increasingly convinced that platforms like .NET, Java, and Objective C will be relegated to writing “toy” consumer apps, and/or to pure server-side legacy code alongside the old COBOL, RPG, and FORTRAN code that still runs an amazing number of companies in the world.

Thursday, August 29, 2013 3:20:39 PM (Central Standard Time, UTC-06:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [8]  | 

I am not only a member of the computer software industry, I’m also a member of something often referred to as “fandom” – which means I deeply enjoy science fiction, fantasy, speculative fiction, and all sorts of things related to SF. Yes, I’m a Trekkie, and a Star Wars geek, and a master of Lord of the Rings trivia :)

Fandom has its own conventions, and my family and I enjoy going to them. Over the past couple years there’s been a rise in understanding that fandom conventions often attract some people who feel like they should be able to harass other people. Often sexual harassment.

As a result there’s been a wide ranging and intense discussion about the topic on “the Internets”. It is hard for me to imagine how anyone can argue for harassing behaviors, but people do.

Recently John Scalzi, the author of some of my favorite books, and a wonderful ambassador for SF to the world, posted Scalzi’s convention harassment policy by which he will determine which conventions he’ll attend. In short, his policy is to only attend conventions that have a clear and public harassment policy, and to not attend conventions that ignore this very real issue.

This was so popular that Scalzi ended up creating a blog page where people can co-sign Scalzi’s harassment policy. And a lot of people have, including me.

Now I not only attend SF conventions, but I speak at or attend a whole lot of computer conferences each year. Arguably Scalzi’s policy only applies to SF conventions, but it occurred to me that it is a worthy policy for professional conferences as well. Perhaps professional conferences have less of an issue with harassment because people attend them as an extension of work or their professional life, not as part of their personal lives. And it probably helps that they don’t have cosplay, though sadly some still do have “booth babes”.

Booth babes seriously degrade our ability to attract and retain talented women in the computer field. Too often female attendees and speakers are treated as if they are attending in the same capacity - as if they don’t exist because there is an assumption that men are there as attendees and women are there as entertainment.

Throughout my career path from data entry guy to CTO of a national technology consulting company, I’ve observed some amazing female technologists sidelined in their careers by a number of factors that most men just don’t have to deal with. It damages these women’s careers, but it also damages our industry, makes our companies and our national talent pool less competitive globally, and I just don’t like seeing the waste of talent.

As a result of this train of thought, I contacted the conference organizer for Live! 360, Visual Studio Live! and Modern Apps Live!. These are conferences I not only speak at, but where I am co-chair or chair from a content perspective. My question to 1105 Media was whether they’d consider having a harassment policy for these conferences, and the response was immediate and positive.

It turns out that there has been at least one instance in the past where having such a policy in place would have been helpful to the conference organizers. Beyond that, as soon as you give even a moment’s thought to the issue it is pretty obvious that having such a policy is only a good thing. Conference organizers want more attendees – that’s how they make money. The more inclusive your conference; the more people are likely to attend, so taking steps to ensure people feel comfortable regardless of gender, race, gender identity, disability, etc. is only a good thing.

Now, my conferences (and one organized by 1105 where I’m not involved: TechMentor) all have anti-harassment policies. Here’s the Live! 360 anti-harassment policy for example.

Lest you think this issue impacts just me or 1105 Media, this month’s editorial in CODE Magazine coincidentally addresses harassment at conferences as well. The editorial expresses amazement and frustration that anti-harassment policies are necessary – and it is hard to argue with the idea that civilized people shouldn’t need such things. But we live in a world where there are less civilized people that attend the same events as the rest of us, and personally it makes me proud to be affiliated with 1105 and Visual Studio Live! knowing that they also recognize the need for policies to deal with that fringe minority.

Thursday, August 29, 2013 12:25:58 PM (Central Standard Time, UTC-06:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [1]  | 
 Wednesday, August 28, 2013

I am a bit unusual in that I have extensively used four different Windows 8 tablets:

  1. Samsung Series 7
  2. Surface RT
  3. Surface Pro
  4. Acer Iconia W3

The Samsung, Surface Pro, and Iconia are all Intel based machines, so they are running Windows 8 (or 8.1 preview) Pro. As a result they can theoretically run anything Windows 7 can run, plus all the new Windows Runtime (WinRT) apps.

The Surface RT is an ARM based machine, so it can run only WinRT apps (plus Office because Microsoft broke their own rules in that case).

So you might immediately assume Surface RT is the worst of the bunch, because it can’t run legacy apps from Windows 7.

But you should also consider battery life. The Samsung and Surface Pro get 2-3 hours if I’m lucky. The Samsung has a loud fan, and the Surface Pro gets quite hot. So while both can run Visual Studio, neither is a particularly fun tablet due to noise or heat, and certainly due to short battery life.

The Iconia has great battery life (I typically charge it every 2-3 days), no fan, and it only gets a little warm. Of course it uses an ATOM processor, so I shudder to think how slow Visual Studio would run (I haven’t tried), but it does run other legacy Windows 7 apps. Its primary drawbacks are that the wifi reception is horrible, and the screen is a bit fuzzy. It is also an 8” screen – which is both good and bad. It is a really nice size for casual browsing and reading, including laying on the couch, etc. But it is pretty cramped if you actually have to do any work – data entry or whatever. So it is a consumption-only device in my view.

The Surface RT also has great battery life. I spent an entire 8 hour flight across the Atlantic watching movies on it and didn’t run out of charge. It makes no noise and doesn’t get warm, and it has a big enough screen that it is good for consumption and light work (data entry, spreadsheets, etc.). True, it can’t run Visual Studio or other legacy apps, but then neither can the Iconia in practical terms (due to its slower processor).

Right now the biggest challenge with the Surface RT is the lack of WinRT apps, not that the machine itself is flawed. In fact, I think the device itself is the best of the four – light weight, good screen size, no noisy fan, no heat during use, great battery life, good performance.

For around-the-house or on-the-plane use the Iconia is the next best thing. It has great battery life, and has the double-edged attribute of an 8” screen. It has no fan, but does get a bit warm. My big problem with it is the weak wifi reception, which is often problematic, and the issue that if I do need to edit a presentation, document, or spreadsheet the screen is just too small. I should say that I don’t have any legacy apps installed on the Iconia other than Outlook, Office, and Chrome. I just haven’t found the need for anything, because there are WinRT apps or web pages to do everything I want to do. I only installed Chrome because the preview IE11 release is often unsupported by web sites – hopefully those web sites will get it together by mid-October…

If I need to use Visual Studio or other legacy Windows 7 apps I pretty much always haul out the Surface Pro these days. It is much nicer than the older Samsung. The Surface Pro is too warm and heavy for casual use as a tablet, but it makes for a great ultrabook that can act like a tablet in a pinch.

I know a lot of the tech media has been bashing on Surface RT due to Microsoft’s write-down on their excess inventory. And presumably the device hasn’t sold nearly as well as Microsoft expected or hoped. Personally I think this is purely because Microsoft didn’t include Outlook on the device – a choice I’m sure someone is regretting in hindsight. If the Surface RT had Outlook (and perhaps a full Lync client) it would do everything needed by most managers/executives in most companies.

Of course it wouldn’t be useful for knowledge workers like developers, CAD users, etc. But those people have desktops/laptops – the primary target market for tablets are managers/executives that travel around a lot and who don’t need a big/fast machine. We know this, because those people are running around with iPads that also can’t serve the needs of knowledge workers.

And if a knowledge worker does rely on a tablet, my observation is that they RDP into a Windows 7 computer to run the higher powered software. Obviously a Surface RT is at least as good of an RDP client as an iPad :)

My point is that I very much hope Microsoft doesn’t give up on the Surface RT. Or if they do, that they provide something comparable to it in terms of battery life, screen size, weight, and so forth via an Intel processor (presumably an ATOM processor).

A secondary point I suppose, is that I’m losing hope that I’ll ever be able to carry just one device. The idea that a device capable of running Visual Studio with good performance, where the device gets 8+ hours of battery life, has no loud fan, and doesn’t get uncomfortably warm might be out of reach…

Then again, the next-gen Surface Pro devices might pull it off?

To conclude – right now I’ve been carrying/using the Surface Pro and Iconia. I actually gave my Surface RT to my Dad because he needed a good tablet, and he’s enjoying it (as much as a non-computer user can enjoy any computer). But I do kind of miss the Surface RT, because I liked it better than the Iconia in some ways…

Wednesday, August 28, 2013 8:30:45 PM (Central Standard Time, UTC-06:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [5]  | 
 Tuesday, August 27, 2013

The news is atwitter with Ballmer’s impending departure from Microsoft. I’ve read analysis from technical, business, financial, and investor perspectives. Some seems good, a lot seems like just noise.

I am personally rather ambivalent about his departure. I’ve met Ballmer, and even “opened” for him at a fairly large speaking event in Detroit (back when Detroit was reasonably vibrant). He is a very intense, focused, and intelligent man. Pretty much what you’d expect from the CEO of a megacorp.

(yes, I’m a hard-core cyberpunk fan, and if “megacorp” doesn’t apply to Microsoft, then it doesn’t apply to anyone!)

The reason I’m ambivalent has less to do with Ballmer than Microsoft itself. I think Microsoft has gotten itself into such a predicament (undoubtedly in part due to Ballmer’s leadership) that anyone stepping into the CEO role will have a major uphill climb. Of course they have a lot of great raw material to work with, because Microsoft is loaded with extremely smart and dedicated technologists, but they’ll also have such massive issues to overcome that it’ll be really challenging.

The way I look at it is this (keeping in mind that I’m an outsider with nearly 20 years of “insider” status – so I’ve had a great/close viewpoint from outside the company to watch things unfold, but I’ve never been an employee, so I’ve never actually been in the belly of the beast):

Microsoft is not a monolith. In fact, its culture breeds internal competition at a personal, departmental, product, and division level. It is really like a whole bunch of companies that are sometimes allied and sometimes bitter competitors with each other.

When BillG was active in the company he conducted what were infamously known as “BillG reviews”. I remember friends sweating as they prepped for these events, because their product or initiative or idea would live or die based on such a review. As a result of these reviews, a lot of stuff did die – or at least got merged into other products/initiatives. When BillG left these reviews stopped – or at least changed.

The thing is, Bill (who I’ve also met) is amazingly smart and focused, and always seemed to have some idea of everything that was going on across the whole company – at a pretty technical level. Perhaps that was illusion, but I don’t think so. I think he is really that smart, and was really that tuned into what was going on, not in small part because he reviewed everything at one time or another.

These “BillG reviews” provided a failsafe, or level of regulation, against wholesale internal competition within Microsoft. Once they stopped there was nothing to prevent everyone from pursuing their own goals, driven by their personal, departmental, and division motivations (largely staying employed, getting raises, getting bonuses, and doing cool work).

(please note, I’m not judging these motivations – we all share them – or if you don’t want to keep your job and make more money, etc. then you are an odd duck)

As a result we ended up with silly things like multiple new data access frameworks being released all in a year. I strongly believe that BillG would have killed all but one via his review process. But in the absence of any global oversight, we ended up with a confusing array of publically released data access frameworks. What a mess!!

The thing to keep in mind is that developing multiple solutions to a problem is deep in Microsoft’s DNA/culture. It has always worked that way. What was new after the BillG reviews stopped is that nobody prevented the previously-internal chaos from becoming public chaos. Chaos we all have to deal with as developers or consumers.

Ballmer is a sharp guy, but he’s no BillG. He doesn’t have the technical chops for it. Obviously Ray Ozzie didn’t either – or if he had the technical chops, he didn’t have the organizational power. Either way, he wasn’t what many of us hoped he’d be.

Will the next CEO have technical chops? I expect not. And that’s OK, as long as they figure out some way to tame the wild beast that is the individual/departmental/product/division sub-companies that comprise Microsoft. One way or another somebody or something needs to harness that internal innovation and energy, pruning the duplicate bits, and focusing effort toward some unified technical vision.

Personally I feel really bad for a lot of my friends and colleagues who’ve had to work in the chaos over the past many years. Perhaps they haven’t had to sweat out the prep for a “BillG review”, but they must have seen how the uncoordinated chaos was working against the overall interests of their company…

So Ballmer leaving makes me neither happy nor sad. He merely administrated over this chaos for a few years, and was perhaps a good cheerleader. The real question is whether his replacement will be another administrator, or a marketing wonk, or the puppet of investors – or perhaps we’ll get lucky and it will be someone who (if not a deep technologist themselves) understands the core of Microsoft – the power and depth of its technical resources, and the desperate need to focus those resources on a reasonably common goal.

Tuesday, August 27, 2013 4:54:17 PM (Central Standard Time, UTC-06:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [3]  | 
 Sunday, August 11, 2013

Hello everyone.

I try to keep this blog mostly professional, with only occasional forays into more personal topics. This is one of those forays.

A little over two weeks ago I was speaking at a Windows 8 user group in the Twin Cities. Like most user groups they had pizza, and i ate a couple pieces.

About half-way through my talk i had _horrible_ heartburn. A searing sensation from the center of my chest up into my throat. And I got dizzy and a little short of breath. To the point that I apologized to the attendees and did the rest of my talk from a seated position. I though it was heartburn.

Following the user group I picked up some Tums (heartburn medication) and chewed a few tablets as i drove home. These had no impact, nor did a couple similar meds my wife gave me when I got home.

I couldn’t sleep. Between the discomfort and the worry about what was going on, I just couldn’t sleep.

Why worry? Well, just a couple weeks prior to this point, Jeffrey McManus (a fellow speaker and colleague) passed away in the night due to a heart attack. And he was two years younger than me. So this idea of a heart attack was pretty fresh in my mind, and I knew that the symptoms for a heart attack and heartburn were similar.

So I got online and started doing some research to find out the differences. It turns out there are NO MEANINGFUL DIFFERENCES. If you have heartburn that doesn’t respond to antacid or anti-gas meds, you should assume you are having a heart attack.

As a result my wife drove me to the ER, where they admitted me right away of course. They don’t mess around with chest pain.

Interestingly enough, after a bunch of tests they found no indication of a heart attack, but also no indication of heartburn. In other words, no immediate cause of my pain and discomfort. They gave me the choice to go home or remain in the hospital for some further tests the next day – mostly what’s called a stress test where they have you run on a treadmill while monitoring your heart.

My wife opted for me to stay. I _probably_ would have stayed anyway, but she was clear that in her mind this wasn’t optional (have I said I have the most amazing wife?).

A few hours later they said they wanted to a CT scan. One of the techs that does the stress test noticed that one of my blood tests wasn’t quite normal, and thought it would be worth doing a scan before the stress test. This turns out to have been a life-saving call.

The CT scan revealed something called an ascending aortic aneurism with dissection: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aortic_dissection

In the majority of cases this condition is identified post-mortem. I was extremely fortunate that it was discovered while I was still around, before the aneurism burst.

Everything changed at this point. As in they wouldn’t let me sit up, they immediately put me on a regimen to radically reduce my blood pressure, and they started checking with all hospitals in the Twin Cities to find the first available heart surgeon. The level of intensity was a _lot_ higher than it has been.

I think fortunately the next surgeon was in my hospital. The other primary possibility was in another excellent heart hospital, so that would have been fine, but this way I didn’t need to be transported across the city.

I woke up somewhere around 8 hours later. Or I should say that my first memory of waking up was around 8 hours later, as I apparently “was awake” after perhaps 5 hours and my family was there with me, but I have no recollection of that time.

I was in the hospital for another week before they sent me home, and even then my memories are a bit hazy due to the pain meds.

So here I am after about 1.5 weeks of being home and I’m on a lot less pain meds, so my mind is at least reasonably clear. I have another 10 weeks of healing before I can resume all normal activities, though just 4-6 before I can do things like go back to work full time.

I apologize to the LA .NET User Group and VS Live Redmond attendees who’d hoped to see me, but as you can tell I really had no choice but to cancel my appearances at those events. I do expect to be at Modern Apps Live and VS Live in Orlando in mid-November.

The primary things I’ve learned from this whole thing include:

  • You can’t easily tell the difference between heartburn and actual heart issues, so if antacids don’t work, error on the side of caution
  • I have the most amazing family and friends, who’ve been incredibly supportive, and continue to be supportive as i heal
  • My coworkers at Magenic are wonderful, and have ensured that I have no stress or worry about anything work-related, in addition to being broadly supportive through goodwill and kind thoughts
  • The online/professional communities to which I belong (CSLA .NET, various Microsoft communities, Regional Director, MVP, and others) have also been extremely supportive, and I truly appreciate the outpouring of goodwill

Some other observations:

  • I hate sleeping on my back – I always have disliked it, but after being confined to that option for a couple weeks I feel comfortable using the word ‘hate’
  • Hospital food is actually pretty good when you haven’t eaten anything for days
  • I am _shocked_ by how weak something like this can make a person – to the point that something simple like taking a shower is a major undertaking that takes a lot of planning and requires a long nap afterword

On the other hand, the fact that I’m here to make these observations and to write this blog post makes it all worthwhile.

I wanted to write this post for a couple reasons.

First, to thank everyone who has been and continues to be so supportive as I recover.

Second, to let colleagues and followers in my various communities know why I went dark so suddenly, and why things like CSLA releases might take longer than normal.

Third, to share my actual medical experiences in the hopes that even one person someday goes to the ER when they have “heartburn”. In my case I was sensitized to this issue due to the recent death of a colleague, and I’d prefer to have as few other people suffer that fate as possible.

Sunday, August 11, 2013 3:07:31 PM (Central Standard Time, UTC-06:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [26]  | 
 Tuesday, July 09, 2013

A lot of people, including myself, felt (feel?) deeply betrayed by Microsoft’s rather abrupt dismissal of what some of us thought was the best client-side dev platform they’ve ever come up with: Silverlight.

Perhaps even more people are worried about the future of WPF in the face of Microsoft’s obvious focus on the new Windows Runtime (WinRT) at the expense of the Desktop (Win32) technologies such as Windows Forms and WPF.

I’m a little more sanguine about this than many people.

I never really bought into the idea of Silverlight as a cross-platform technology. I know, I know, Microsoft made it work on some flavors of OS X. But they didn’t take it to Linux or Android, and Apple blocked them from ever going to the iPad or iPhone. And honestly, you have to follow the money. Companies don’t exist to do good, they exist to make money, and Microsoft didn’t charge for Silverlight and so only stood to lose money by enabling us to build apps that ran on non-Windows devices just as well as Windows devices.

(as an aside, this is why I never get too upset when Google drops yet another free service – the way I look at it is that I’m exploiting the hell out of Google’s free stuff as long as they have it, and when they decide to drop a free service I just have to start paying for something I should have been paying for the entire time (but didn’t have to thanks to Google’s amazing “business” model)).

I did buy into the idea of Silverlight as a much safer and easier-to-deploy way of building Windows smart client apps. So to me the truly sad part about Silverlight going away is that it pushed us back toward creating apps that aren’t as safe (out of the sandbox), and that are slightly harder to deploy (ClickOnce).

Perhaps I’m unusual, but I really do buy into the idea that smart client apps don’t need the ability to reformat people’s hard drives, or alter system files, or snoop through my personal documents without my knowledge. In other words, the full client-side .NET/WPF/Windows Forms/Win32 technology stack just isn’t necessary for 99% of the apps I want to build and/or run, and after a few decades of dealing with viruses and malware and other bad stuff, I’m about ready to be done with it!

So here we site, with Silverlight in maintenance mode so Microsoft will keep it running on their platforms for another decade, but without any real assurance that it will continue to work on the Mac. And frankly I don’t really care, because I always thought the Mac was a lark.

To me where we are is simple:

  • Microsoft is treating all of Win32/.NET on the client as legacy, so Windows Forms, WPF, and Silverlight are in the exact same boat
    • They are all stable (essentially unchanging) into the foreseeable future
    • They are all good/viable Win32/Desktop client technologies
    • They will ultimately fade away
  • Microsoft is putting all their energy/money into rapidly bringing WinRT up to speed
    • Being a fan of “follow the money”, I expect that we’ll all eventually move to WinRT
    • WinRT 8.1 shows some good XAML/C# improvements over 8.0, demonstrating Microsoft’s commitment to making this a viable platform
    • WinRT still has a fundamentally flawed deployment/licensing model for business apps, and until they fix this WinRT is pretty much useless for business
    • WinRT still lags in XAML features behind Silverlight 5, but it is catching up
    • WinRT (like Silverlight) will hopefully never do everything WPF does, because then we’d be back to the same malware hell-hole we’re in with Win32

In short, for everyone wishing and hoping for Microsoft to put more energy/money into WPF (or even more far-fetched into Silverlight) I think the answer is that THEY ARE – but they are doing it via WinRT, by eventually providing a viable XAML/C# platform for business development on Windows that escapes the baggage of legacy Win32/.NET/Desktop.

We just need to do two things

  1. Be patient, because WinRT is a v1 technology and will take a little time to mature
    1. Something I’m not worried about, because most businesses are just now getting to Win7 and won’t go to Win8 for a couple more years, so there’s some time for Microsoft to get their act together
  2. Keep the pressure on Microsoft to bring WinRT to the level we need
    1. In terms of licensing/deployment models
    2. In terms of technology capabilities

Let’s face it. Either Microsoft (with us pushing/prodding/helping) provides a viable WinRT platform for us in the future, or we’d better all start learning JavaScript and/or Objective C…

Tuesday, July 09, 2013 10:58:43 AM (Central Standard Time, UTC-06:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [11]  | 
 Monday, July 01, 2013

After having a couple days to collect my thoughts regarding last week’s Build 2013 conference I want to share some of my observations.

First, I left Build happier with Microsoft than I’ve been for a couple years. Not necessarily due to any single thing or announcement, but rather because of the broader thematic reality that Microsoft really is listening (if perhaps grudgingly in some cases) to their customers. And the display of truly amazing, cool, and sexy laptops and tablets running Windows 8 was really something! I was almost literally drooling over some of the machines on display!

Now to summarize some of my thoughts.

The bad:

  1. They didn’t add support for Silverlight in the WinRT browser (not that anyone really thought they would).
  2. They didn’t fix (or even discuss) the nasty business licensing cost issues around side-loading, meaning most businesses will still find WinRT unpalatable as a development target.

The good:

  1. The changes in Windows 8.1 to provide some accommodations for people who are attached to the Start button are quite nice. To be honest, I was pretty skeptical that these changes were just silliness, but having used 8.1 Preview for a few days now I’m sold on my own positive emotional reaction to having the wallpaper the same on the desktop and start screen (though I’m still not booting to desktop, nor do I plan to do so).
  2. The Windows 8.1 changes that bring the start screen experience more in line with Windows Phone are even nicer. The new item selection gesture (tap and hold) and the fact that new apps don’t automatically appear on the start screen (only on the “app apps” screen) are just like the phone, and make the system easier to deal with overall.
  3. The updates to WinRT XAML are extremely welcome – especially around data binding – these are changes I’ll use in CSLA .NET right away.
  4. The added WinRT API capabilities demonstrate Microsoft’s commitment to rapidly maturing what amounts to a Version 1 technology as rapidly as possible.
  5. The fact that Azure had no big announcements, because they’ve been continually releasing their new stuff as it becomes available is wonderful! In fact, this whole “faster release cadence” concept from Windows, Azure, and Visual Studio is (imo) a welcome change, because it means that the overall .NET and Microsoft platform will be far more competitive by being more agile.
  6. There was a serious emphasis on XAML, and most of the JavaScript content was web-focused, not WinRT-focused – and I think this is good because it reflects the reality of the Microsoft developer community. Most of us are .NET/XAML developers and if we’re going to shift to WinRT someday in the future it’ll be via .NET/XAML. For my part, if I’m forced to abandon .NET for JavaScript I’ll learn general JavaScript, not some Microsoft-specific variation or library – but if I see a viable future for .NET in the WinRT world, then I’ll continue to invest in .NET – and this conference was a start on Microsoft’s part toward rebuilding a little trust in the future of .NET.
  7. The new 8” tablet form factor is way nicer than I’d expected. I had a Kindle Fire and ultimately gave it to my son because I already have an eInk Kindle and couldn’t see a good use for the Fire. But an 8” Win8 tablet is a whole different matter, because it runs the Kindle app and it runs Office and WinRT apps so it is immediately useful. The small screen means amazing battery life and light weight, and the ATOM processor means it runs Win32 and WinRT apps – I’m really enjoying this new Acer device!

The neutral:

  1. As I tweeted last week the one recurring bit of feedback I heard from people was disappointment in the lack of WPF announcements or content. I’m not overly concerned about that, because I view Windows Forms, Silverlight, and WPF as all being the same – they are all in maintenance mode and Microsoft is just keeping them running. The same unprecedented stability enjoyed by Windows Forms developers for the past 8 years is now the reality for WPF too. Sure, this might be a little boring to be on an unchanging platform, but the productivity is hard to beat!!
  2. Related to the lack of WPF content I want to suggest a different interpretation. WinRT with .NET/XAML is (imo) the “future of WPF”. What we really need to see is WinRT XAML continuing to rapidly evolve such that it becomes a natural progression to move from WPF/Silverlight to WinRT at some point in the future. I am encouraged by what was presented at Build in terms of the evolution of WinRT XAML, and if that continues I think we’ll find that moving to WinRT will become pretty attractive at some future time.
  3. There was some content on the use of WinRT to create business apps, and that content was welcome. If-and-when Microsoft does fix the side-loading licensing issues so WinRT becomes viable for business use it is nice to know that some serious thought has gone into design and development of business apps on the new platform.

In conclusion, the overall vibe at the conference was positive. Attendees were, from what I could see, enjoying the conference, the content, and the technology. Moreover, I think Microsoft has taken a first small step toward rebuilding their relationship with (what was once) the Microsoft developer community (not that Azure ever lost this rapport, but the Windows client sure did). If they continue to build and foster this rapport I think they can win back some confidence that there’s a future for .NET and/or Windows on the client.

Monday, July 01, 2013 4:14:12 PM (Central Standard Time, UTC-06:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [4]  | 
 Thursday, May 23, 2013

OK5KOutside of my professional life in computing, one of the many things I’m involved with is the Eden Prairie Optimists.

(I know this blog has a global reach, but I also know a lot of people in and around the Twin Cities read it, and this post is mostly for you)

The Optimist organization is focused on helping our youth grow up to be good citizens and successful people. To that end the many chapters around the world help organize and/or fund many different youth oriented programs.

Our particular chapter funds local anti-drug and alcohol programs in the schools, organizes an annual fishing derby for kids, helps fund children’s cancer research, teaches firearms safety classes, holds oratorical and essay contests for youth, and several other programs each year.

We just wrapped up the spring firearms training class, and plan to hold another in late summer.

In June we’ll send all the crossing guards (kids) from Eden Prairie schools to an amusement park to thank them for their service to the community.

June will also see our annual fishing contest, where we get kids and their parents (and sometimes grandparents and others) outside in a nice city park to see who can catch the biggest fish. You haven’t lived until you’ve seen the excitement on the face of 5 or 6 year old who just caught their first fish ever!

July 4 is the date for our annual OK 5K run/walk. This is one of our primary fundraising events, raising the money that allows us to provide these services and programs to the community. Even better, this is a great family event that is open to all ages. We’ve had little kids walk the route, and a WWII veteran run it. This year we’re honored that the City of Eden Prairie asked us to include our event as part of their overall series of events for the July 4 week, and I expect the event to be bigger and better than ever!

Later in the year we’ll sponsor the Halloween on the Mall event so kids have a safe, fun, and warm place to trick or treat. My kids always went around the neighborhood in the dark, their costumes hidden beneath coats to keep them warm. These days kids can show off their costumes in the warmth of the mall, without the risk of cars racing down the streets.

And we’ll fund next year’s drug and alcohol awareness programs, student achievement awards, and organize our annual essay and oratorical contests.

Although a lot of people look at all these things and wonder how someone like me, who has kids now, has time to be involved. My answer is simple: I include my kids. What’s the point of a youth focused organization that does youth focused events if you don’t include your own kids? Both of my boys have been involved in a lot of the Optimist activities – either as participants or as contributors. Personally I hope that this grounding in civic activities stays with them through their lives so they become involved in something similar as adults. I know my interest in civic involvement flows from my father and the ways he got me involved when I was a youth.

Thursday, May 23, 2013 9:41:20 PM (Central Standard Time, UTC-06:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [0]  | 
 Monday, May 06, 2013

Mary Jo reports that Windows 8 sales are roughly on par with Windows 7 sales. Which is good news for Windows 8, because Microsoft said (at the time) that Windows 7 was the fastest selling OS to that point.

She also points out that actual usage of Win8 isn’t terribly high at this point – which isn’t at all surprising (see my blog post on if Windows 8 is a success).

The real value of the numbers just provided by Microsoft is that they are an apples to apples comparison between Win7 and Win8, and that they demonstrate that Win8 is following roughly the same track as Win7 in terms of production and sales.

That’s good news, given that Win7 is (by nearly any measure) extremely successful, and is considered by many people to be the best OS Microsoft has released. Windows 8 on an x86 machine can basically be viewed as a faster version of Windows 7, plus the ability to run WinRT apps, and so I pretty much think of Windows 8 as a slight improvement over the already excellent Windows 7.

As Mary Jo notes, we don’t know if the 100 million figure includes Windows RT. At this point I’m not sure if that really matters – at least not from a business app dev perspective. Windows RT can only run WinRT (Windows Runtime) apps, and the WinRT dev platform is too new and immature to risk targeting it when building large enterprise apps (not to mention the side-loading cost issues).

At this point most organizations appear to be building new smart client apps using WPF, and of course they continue to maintain a great many Windows Forms apps. The strength of Windows 8, as I see it, is that it remains an extremely relevant and potent business app platform via its desktop mode, which runs Win32/.NET apps at least as well as its predecessor.

If Microsoft resolves the side-loading cost issues so licensing and deployment becomes reasonable for small, medium, and large organizations I do think WinRT has a reasonable shot at being the successor to Win32/.NET for business developers. In another version or two it should stabilize and mature to the point that it is pretty comparable to WPF, and thus is attractive and useful to C#/XAML developers. That’ll probably take a couple years, which is also the timeframe that corporate IT groups will probably be willing to consider upgrading from Windows 7 to Windows 8.

In summary: good Windows 8 sales today means that betting on WPF for smart client development should be pretty safe, and will hopefully have a decent migration path to WinRT in 2-3 years.

Monday, May 06, 2013 10:30:54 PM (Central Standard Time, UTC-06:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [6]  | 
 Thursday, May 02, 2013

This question keeps floating around the Internet, and I thought I’d give my viewpoint.

Obviously I have no more intel on sales numbers than anyone else (which means pretty much nothing). So anything anyone says at this point is pretty much speculation, and that includes me too.

So rather than speculate uselessly, let me provide a bit of narrative.

Almost nobody buys operating systems. This is a truth that has existed since the dawn of the concept of an operating system. Operating systems exist as an abstraction over the hardware that allow developers to build applications without having to deal with the low-level details of interacting with hardware.

Of course over the past couple decades “operating system” has come to include a lot of things. At a minimum these days people expect the OS to include drivers for every type of device ever invented (or to be invented), a nice user interface, and a set of pre-installed “first party” apps. None of that stuff actually is the OS, but most people view it as part and parcel.

Even so, very few people buy an OS. They buy a device (computer, ultrabook, tablet, phone) because the device enables them to do something useful. More precisely the device allows them to run software (apps) that do something useful.

(I’ll freely admit that I’m biased. As a software developer, I do tend to see software as the most important part of this whole picture. And I think I’m correct, because if you give anyone a device and tell them they can’t install any software on that device I can pretty much guarantee you that they won’t be able to use the device for much of anything.)

I’d also suggest that there are two broad categories of “person” in this discussion.

There are regular individuals like you and me. We buy devices ourselves, investing hundreds or thousands of dollars so we can do things like access the Internet, write letters, manage home budgets, send email, play games, etc. Our motivations in buying a device are to gain access to the apps that allow us to do those things we consider worthwhile in life – whatever that might be for each of us. And yes, people like me also get joy out of the device itself because we’re geeks, but most people just see these things as extremely useful tools or toys.

There are organizations (which are also apparently “people” thanks to Citizens United). They buy devices for their employees so the employees can do things that provide productivity and value to the organization. Some organizations are OK with employees using those devices for personal reasons, others aren’t. In almost no case does an organization buy devices other than because an employee needs the device to perform important aspects of their job.

I keep running into people who think there’s no difference between these scenarios. And maybe I’m a little slow, but I really struggle to see how organizations are going to start buying (and supporting) devices outside the scope of enabling employees to be productive. Nor do I see how dock workers, administrative assistants, lab technicians, and other employees are going to start purchasing devices for the intent of using them at work. Actual human people buy devices to make their personal lives better, not because they intend on using them as an alternative for a work-supplied device.

(In other words BYOD is pretty much bunk – but that’s another blog post.)

To judge the success of Windows 8 then, one must evaluate it in the context of people buying devices for their own use, and organizations buying devices for their employee’s use.

 

From what I’ve seen there is some resistance on the part of people in terms of buying Windows 8. On the tablet side of things there aren’t a lot of apps, and people buy these devices for apps, not the device itself. On the ultrabook, laptop, and desktop side of things people buy a PC because they want to run PC software – all of which runs on Windows 7 just fine, so there’s no obvious reason to go to Windows 8. But there is an obvious reason not to go to Windows 8: everyone knows it is different, and people fear change.

So if I’m a regular person looking to buy a tablet, I’ll probably gravitate toward the tablet with the most apps – hence an iPad or perhaps a Kindle Fire. And if I’m a regular person looking for personal productivity with Office, CAD software, or gaming, I’ll be perfectly happy with Windows 7 (or even Vista) as long as my current computer keeps working.

Please note that I am personally not a regular person in this context. I’m a geek, and thus have been running Windows 8 since long before it was released. But I have sat in restaurants and overheard conversations about Windows 8 by random people – conversations that lead me to be pretty confident that my previous paragraph is correct.

None of this says that people won’t slowly adopt Windows 8 as their existing computers need replacing, because they probably will. And as more people actually start using Windows 8 and tell their friends and neighbors that it really isn’t that scary, then the fear of change will fade. And with any luck the number of apps available for WinRT will grow relatively fast so people will consider buying Windows 8 tablets because they feel confident those devices have good and useful apps.

Does this mean Windows 8 is a success or failure? I don’t know. We are in uncharted territory to some degree, because today’s computers (with their i3, i5 and i7 processors) are essentially identical in performance to computers from three years ago. For the first time in recent memory (and perhaps ever) computers have stopped getting faster, eliminating one of the primary reasons why people would buy a new computer. Now the only reason to buy a new computer is a complete failure of your existing computer, and computers often last a very long time…

In other words, Windows 8 adoption in the personal space might be slower than in the past (we don’t really know). But if it is, I strongly suspect one major factor has less to do with Windows 8 than the reality that few people are motivated to spend hundreds of dollars to buy a computer that isn’t any faster than the one they already have.

 

On the organizational side of things the dynamic is entirely different. Organizations try to minimize the number of device types, operating systems, and operating system versions because it is extremely expensive to support more than one. Organizations use “apps” (applications, or enterprise software) that is required for the organization to function. When those apps fail the business loses money by the second – often many thousands of dollars per second. Upgrading from Windows X to Windows Y is never done without extensive testing to ensure those important apps work on the new operating system version. And such upgrades are done according to an orchestrated plan that minimizes the time the organization is forced to support both versions.

This is nothing new. This is the reality of enterprise computing that has existed for as long as I can recall (thus dating back well more than 2 decades).

Strangely, I’ve had people argue that this dynamic is no longer true. That organizations are now going to adopt BYOD, even though that directly means supporting numerous devices, operating systems, and operating system versions all at the same time. I’m not sure what these people are smoking, nor am I sure I want to try it because I think whatever they’ve smoked caused some brain damage. But I could be wrong – perhaps organizations are ready to radically increase their IT support costs in order to allow employees to use random hardware devices and operating systems? Or perhaps there is no increased cost to IT because (as one person told me) it will now be the employee’s responsibility to ensure they have a working device at all times – thus all IT support costs will be born by the end users. Something I’m sure will thrill the minimum wage workers in the warehouses who’ll apparently now have to buy and support computers they’d never have purchased before?!?

Back in the world of the sane, what is actually happening is that a great many (most?) organizations are just now migrating from Windows 2000 or Windows XP to Windows 7. This is because those older operating systems are off support, or will be off support in April 2014. No more bug fixes. No more security patches. Nothing. I truly pity any poor souls left on XP a year from now.

This migration from XP to 7 is not cheap. It is not only an IT issue in terms of upgrading hardware, drivers, and operating system installs. It usually also means updating or replacing ancient enterprise software that was written in VB6 or PowerBuilder or other technologies that haven’t been current for many years.

As a result, almost no organizations even have Windows 8 on their radar at all. Virtually nobody is planning for a Windows 8 migration, because they are just now getting to Windows 7. In fact, my informal polling while speaking at conferences around the world is that nobody expects to move to Windows 8 until 3+ years from now.

Does this mean Windows 8 is a failure? Of course not. Remember, these organizations are just now moving from XP to 7. Windows 7 was released in 2009, and only eclipsed XP in 2012 in terms of installs.

Following that time schedule, we won’t know of Windows 8 is a success or failure until around 3 years from now: in 2015.

 

In summary, is Windows 8 a success or failure? I can’t say. Nor can anyone else, even though a lot of people (including myself) speculate about it quite a lot Smile

The space to watch is the personal/individual computing space, because that’ll move somewhat faster than the organizational space.

Like every previous version of Windows, we won’t know the success or failure of this version until 3+ years after its launch, because enterprises always move at a stately (if not glacial) pace.

Thursday, May 02, 2013 10:39:31 PM (Central Standard Time, UTC-06:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [3]  |